(d) Roots are anthelmentic and astringent (acts as a binding agent) and useful in the treatment of diahhroea. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Sericulture, the practice of breeding silkworms for the production of raw silk, has been underway for at least 5,000 years in China, from where it spread to Korea and Japan, and later to India and the West. One thread of silk contains approximately 50 silk filaments. Privacy Policy They are also prone to many health hazards. Finally, the silk filaments are woven together to form a thread. The mulberry fruits are rich in minerals and vitamins and from the roots, barks and mulberry leaves several ayurvedic and herbal medicines are prepared. Project Report on Sericulture Project Report on Sericulture includes Present Market Position and Expected Future Demand, Technology, Manufacturing Process, Investment Opportunity, Plant Economics and Project Financials. Silkworms are vulnerable to several diseases such as pebrine and flacherie. Sericulture involves a large scale of interdependent technologies from which results different by-products and wastes, such as perforated silk cocoons, B. mori chrysalides, bedding left-over (larval dejections and mulberry plant waste), superseded cocoons, surplus mulberry leaf, springs, root and wood biomass, mulberry fruits, and so on. The silkworm larvae initially have a good appetite. For utilization of by-products generated from sericulture, in-depth research towards utility and optimization is the prime need in placing this industry on a sound footing. The presence of pigments (such as xanthophyll) in the sericin layer of the fiber imparts colour to the silk. ... Those who set up business as exporters of silk products can have good gains. Process Moriculture Silkworm Rearing Silk Reeling Challenges Faced in Sericultre. Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants. The silkworms are being cultivated in this process. Approximately 80% of silk fiber is made up of fibroin, which is concentrated at the core. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar… Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. These threads are often plied together to form a yarn. 3. These plants can be grown via three different methods: The stem grafting method is the most commonly used method for mulberry plantation. The by-products presently felt as wastes, can put to better use in generating the value-based products and thereby catapult the industry to a more profitable and economically viable spot. In order to maintain humidity, foam strips are soaked in water and placed on the tray. Since silk is associated with a high cost, even the by-products and wastes have been exploited commercially to generate extra income and thus to increase profit. The main product in silk industry is the production of thread obtained from the cocoons. The harvesting of silk from these cocoons is the final stage of sericulture. Silk reeling – the extraction of silk filaments from the silkworm cocoons. Application: Mounting & production of cocoon. Besides that, we also obtain beeswax through beekeeping. Products obtained. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. When the cocoons are placed in boiling water for approximately 15 minutes, the adhesion of the silk threads reduces, enabling the separation of individual filaments. They may also start giving off an unpleasant odour. Thus, raw silk is obtained from the silkworm and the sericulture process is completed. This core is surrounded by a layer of sericin (which makes up the remaining 20% of silk). The pebrine disease can infect the eggs, resulting in their death before the hatching of the larvae. It holds promise as an employment generating industry, especially in rural and semi urban areas. Each type of silk has a distinct colour, as tabulated below. The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. First, the pupae inside the cocoon are killed by boiling the cocoon and exposing it to steam and dry heat. During the process of sericulture, by-products and wastes are produced in addition to the silk fiber. Leaf picking – the removal of individual leaves by hand. Besides provid­ing field and educational trainings, Regional Exten­sion Centres and Technical Service Centres of both State and Central Sericulture Boards supply advanced-staged larvae to the rearers; rearing appliances and other raw materials like mulberry … For the production of mulberry silk, the sericulture process follows three primary steps. (iv) Various parts of the plant body have a high medicianl value and are used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. Here, cuttings that are approximately 22 centimeters in length, containing at least 3 buds, are extracted from the stem of a mature mulberry plant. Silkworm eggs are also called seeds and for sericulture purpose the eggs are classified into two groups, viz., Reproductive seed and Industrial/Commercial seed. Also, several pests threaten the healthy growth of silkworm larvae. (iii) Mulberry leaves constitute a good cattle feed. There is a huge Other viral infections such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis can cause the larvae to lose their appetites. In the rest of the world, mulberry is generally used as forage in animal production, or for other purposes. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. It is the art and science of silkworm breeding for producing silks. These filaments are twisted into a thread with the help of a series of guides and pulleys. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar) are also cultivated for the production of ‘wild silks’. However, over 900 meters of filament can be obtained from a single cocoon. Management of Silkworm Rearing. Silk is the raw product in the industry of Sericulture. mulberry,tasar,eri, and muga. Since then, it has been producing products, such as silkworm powder for reducing blood glucose levels, silkworm dongchunghacho (cordyceps), which is effective to cure cancer and strengthen the immune system, silk cosmetics, silk soap, silk toothpaste and ice cream of mulberry leaf that encourage the growth of silkworm farmers in some Asian countries particularly in Korea. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Here is your notes on sericulture! Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. This method of producing silk did not involve the boiling of silkworm pupae and, therefore, did not violate the Ahimsa philosophy. After the extraction of the oil, the waste (cake) is used as poultry feed. These mature larvae now wrap themselves in a cocoon by secreting saliva from the two salivary glands on their heads. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. Manufacture of garlands – The remains of the cocoon after the removal of silk threads can be fashioned into garlands. NetPro's Sericulture Net as widely used in the Sericulture Industries. The full utilization of tasar silkworm cocoons as different marketable products and such an integrated operation can certainly make the Sericulture CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, Important Questions For Class 11 Chemistry, Important Questions For Class 12 Chemistry, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Physics, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Chemistry, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Maths, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology.

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